The Synthetics section displays the configured synthetic monitors. After creating a synthetic monitor, click the desired monitor to view details such as Overview, Metrics, and Monitors.
The dashboard displays the total number of configured synthetics, the status of each synthetic configured on the Infrastructure page, Add, Delete button, and a Refresh button.
Status of synthetics
|Indicates the total number of created synthetic monitors.|
|Indicates the number of synthetic monitors that are up and running.|
|Indicates the number of monitors that have Open, Warning or Critical alerts.|
|Indicates the number of monitors for which the template thresholds are not configured and are facing issues.|
|To add synthetic monitors.|
|To delete synthetic monitor.|
|To refresh the Synthetic items.|
|To search for any Synthetic monitor.|
ImportantAvailability is calculated based on the configured Component Thresholds of monitors in templates for every synthetic. When you do not configure component thresholds for availability or response time, the availability is displayed as Unknown (Gray color) even when the website is down.
Overview displays various details like basic information, metric type, availability log, and recent log.
Metric type displays a graphical representation of each metric for a selected synthetic monitor.
Basic Information section displays the fundamental information about the selected synthetic monitor. For example, the type of synthetic monitor, the time period since the synthetic monitor is UP/DOWN, Response Time (if any), configured URL, Frequency, Locations, and Service.
Availability Log section displays the log details of the availability status (Up or Down) for the selected synthetic monitor. The Availability Log section displays a view Root Cause icon when the availability status of the synthetic monitor is Down. The view Root Cause displays the root cause for the unavailability of the synthetic monitor.
View root cause
To view Root Cause in Availability Log:
- From the Availability Log section, click view Root Cause.
The Last Collected Root Cause Analysis window appears.
- From the Last Collected Root Cause Analysis window, analyze the below details from the configured location.
- Analysis started time – The Root Cause Analysis (RCA) collection start time.
- Analysis ended time – The RCA collection end time.
- Analysis elapsed time – The time taken to perform the RCA.
- Initial Validation – Displays the reason for the Down availability status for the selected synthetic monitor.
- TraceRoute Test – Displays details that allow you to debug the issue.
The TraceRoute Test section focuses on the reachability of the host from a configured location. The status of the synthetic monitor displays Down (red color) when the configured host is inaccessible from the configured location in the OpsRamp console. The TraceRoute Test information helps you to analyze and track the exact point of failure.
The TraceRoute Test section displays the following details:
- Route Info – The path taken by packets from the configured location to the host.
- Error Log – Displays that Traceroute is a failure.
ImportantTraceRoute Test supports only 30 hops maximum and 60-byte packets.
Recent Log displays information about the recently collected metrics.
Attributes display all basic information on the configured synthetic monitor.
Location availability highlights the uptime or downtime of a synthetic monitor from each location.
For HTTP/HTTPS monitors, OpsRamp provides HTTP Response Headers and HTTP Raw Response Time to identify the issue that makes your website unavailable at a location. The HTTP Test section displays the following:
- URL: Refers to the URL of the website.
- Method: Refers to the REST method of the connected website.
- Status Code: Refers to the HTTP response code or Libcurl error code of the Website.
- Response Headers: Refers to the HTTP response headers of the website.
- Raw Data Response: Refers to the HTTP response provided by the website.
- Status: Refers to the success or failure of the test.
Displays templates and monitors assigned to the configured synthetic monitor.
Displays the templates available for the selected synthetic monitor. You can assign templates to enable the monitoring of your synthetic using the Assign Templates option. You can also implement a device management policy on specific synthetic resources.
ImportantTo create a device management policy, you can filter synthetic either using synthetic Name or Type when applying Resource filters as Filter Criteria. For example, to apply HTTPS templates, select HTTPS as Synthetic Type for the resource type Synthetics.
Use the following synthetic types to filter:
OpsRamp can start monitoring only after assigning the templates to your synthetic monitor. You can assign only one template per synthetic monitor. Monitoring does not work as expected if you assign more than one template.
ImportantYou can assign templates that pertain to a specific synthetic monitor. For example, you can assign DNS Templates to DNS synthetic monitors and not to PING synthetic monitors.
You can create templates using Setup > Monitoring > Templates.
- You can select the following basic details while creating a template:
- Collector Type: Synthetics
- Applicable For: Synthetics
- Type: Select the desired synthetic monitor
- To receive alerts for configured metrics from all the configured locations assigned to a template, you must enable the Alert option and configure the Component Threshold for each metric while creating the template.
To assign templates:
- From Templates, click Assign Templates.
Apply Templates screen is displayed.
- From Select Templates > Available templates, select the desired templates.
Selected templates display the chosen templates.
- Click Assign.
Enter Configurations section is displayed.
- Provide Value for the Assigned Templates and Configuration Parameters and click Submit.
The templates screen displays the selected templates.
The following table describes the configuration parameters for each monitor:
|Synthetic Monitor||Configuration Parameters||Description||Example|
|HTTP/HTTPS||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out required to connect to the given website.||5 seconds [1-540]|
|Response Should Contain||Check the presence of any text in the response of the URL.||True|
|Response Should Not Contain||Check the absence of any text string in the response of the URL.||Null|
|Method||Type of method to execute while monitoring the website.||GET|
|Validate SSL||Validate the SSL certificate of the URL under consideration.|
Important:This option lets you validate only the last redirected website.
|DNS||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to resolve the DNS Query.||5|
|Expected Server||The expected IPV4 address.||126.96.36.199|
|Name Server||Converts the English URL to physical IP Address.||188.8.131.52|
|PING||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to verify the accessibility of the chosen host.||5|
|TCP||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to connect to a given port of the TCP server.||5|
|Days||Configure the number of days to set notification regarding the SSL expiry in the Days field.||10|
|Port||Port number of TCP port. You must manually configure the port number.||443|
|Response Should Contain||Check the presence of any text string in the response of the TCP server.||True|
|Response Should Not Contain||Check the absence of any text string in the response of the TCP server.||Null|
|Command/Message to Send||The command that is sent to the TCP server.||Tokens|
|Validate SSL||Validate the SSL certificate of the URL under consideration. Important:This option lets you validate only the last redirected website.||-|
|UDP||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to connect to a given port of the UDP server.||5|
|Port||Port number of UDP port. You must manually configure the port number.||80|
|Response Should Contain||Check the presence of any text string in the response of the UDP server.||true|
|Response Should Not Contain||Check the absence of any text string in the response of the UDP server.||null|
|Command/Message To Send||The command that is sent to the UDP server.||tokens|
|IMAP||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to connect to the IMAP server.||5|
|Port||Port Number of IMAP server.||993|
|POP3||Connection Timed Out||Maximum timeout to connect to the IMAP server.||5|
|Port||Port Number of POP3 server.||110|
|SMTP||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to send an email through the SMTP server.||5|
|Port||Port Number of SMTP. The default port number is 587. However, if you wants to configure SMTP synthetic monitor with different port numbers: 465, 25; then you must configure those port numbers manually.||587|
|Command/Message To Send||The message that is sent to the SMTP server.||Tokens|
|Recipient Email Ids||The Email IDs of the email@example.com|
|RTT||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to perform the RTT monitoring.||5|
|Port||Port number for SMTP.||587|
|Receiver Host||IMAP/POP3 hostname.||pop.gmail.com|
|Receiver Host Port||IMAP/POP3 host port number.||995|
|Email Receiver Type||IMAP/POP3 host port number.||IMAP|
|SSL||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to connect to a host or a website.||5|
|Days||Checks the number of days remaining field.||10|
|FTP||Connection Timed Out||Maximum timeout to connect to the FTP server.||4|
|Port||Port number of the FTP server.||21|
|SCRIPT – HTTP Synthetic Transaction Synthetic Monitor||Connection Timed Out||Maximum time out to complete the synthetic transaction.||5|
|Script Type||Provide content from the .side file.||-|
You can remove an assigned template from the monitor. Use the Unassign Templates option to unassign the templates from the synthetic monitors. OpsRamp removes every graph associated with the templates.
Monitors allow you to configure alerts and edit threshold values assigned to any metric in the selected synthetic monitor.
Availability lets you configure rules to confirm the status of the resources with the availability check depending on the critical alerts received for the metrics.
After clicking Availability Rule, select one of the following options to determine the status of the resource:
- Resource is Up if ALL availability monitors are OK, Resource is Down otherwise
- Resource is Up if ANY availability monitor is OK, Resource is Down otherwise
Parameters display the parameters migrated from synthetics to the monitoring templates section. You can modify the values for the migrated parameters of the selected synthetic monitor.
Metrics displays a pictorial representation of all metrics configured in the assigned templates.
|Enable or disable tooltips.|
|Decrease (S) or Increase (L) the size of the graphical representations for each metric.|
Credential Set enables you to create or assign credentials to your synthetic monitors. You can use these credentials to mask plain text usernames and passwords in the synthetic script.
Notes enable you to record special instructions for any synthetic monitor under consideration.
To add Notes:
- Click Add displayed on the Notes window.
- On the Notes window, provide the required details.
- Click Save.
You can modify existing notes from the Notes window using Edit Notes.
Articles display notes tagged to the configured synthetic monitor.
The ADD/MODIFY option allows you to add or remove articles for the selected synthetic monitor.
To ADD/MODIFY articles:
- Click ADD/MODIFY.
The Articles window appears.
- Select the check-box of desired articles from the Articles window.
- Click Add.
The Articles section displays the selected articles.
What to do next
- See Modify Metric Custom Notifications and Thresholds for information on customizing threshold values.
- See Create Templates.
- See Credential Set in SCRIPT – HTTP Synthetic Transaction Synthetic Monitor.